Saraswati Puja : The Festival of Goddess of Learning in India

“Yaa Kundendu Tushaara Haaradhavalaa, Yaa Shubhravastraavritha
Yaa Veenavara Dandamanditakara, Yaa Shwetha Padmaasana
Yaa Brahmaachyutha Shankara Prabhritibhir Devaisadaa Vanditha
Saa Maam Paatu Saraswati Bhagavatee Nihshesha Jaadyaapaha…”

Meaning :

May Goddess Saraswati, who is fair like the Jasmine coloured moon and whose garland is like frosty dew drops, who is adorned with radiant white clothes and on whose beautiful palm and arm rests the Veena, those throne is a white lotus, and who is surrounded and respected by the Gods beginning with Lord Brahma, Lord Vishnu and Lord Maheshwar, protect me. I implore Her to totally remove my laziness and sluggishness .

Maa Saraswati Puja

Mother or Maa Saraswati is the goddess of knowledge, music and the arts. She is the consort of Brahma and the “Mother of the Vedas”.

Saraswati is known as a guardian deity in Buddhism by offering protection and assistance to practitioners. In Burmese, she is Thurathadi, in Chinese as Biàncáitiān, in Thai as Surasawadee and in Japanese as Benzaiten.

Goddess Saraswati represents intelligence, consciousness, cosmic knowledge, creativity, education, enlightenment, music, the arts, and power. She is worshipped for “secular knowledge”, and “divine knowledge”.

In hindu mythology, in some Skanda Purana, she is sister of Shiva (Shivaanujaa) and in some Tantras sister of Ganesha.

Goddess Saraswati represents the union of power and intelligence from which organized creation arises. Saraswati possesses all the learning of the Vedas, scriptures, dancing, music and poetry. She is wisdom, fortune, intelligence, nourishment, brilliance, contentment, splendor and devotion. She is depicted as a gracefully seated or standing goddess, holding a veena, a musical instrument, a rosary and the scripture. The ‘bahon’ are the ‘rajhansa’ (swan) and the ‘mayur’ (peacock). The instrument symbolizes knowledge of the arts held in high esteem in Vedic tradition. The rosary points to the meditative qualities necessary to acquire knowledge. The scripture is knowledge in itself. The swan signifies discrimination between right and wrong, while the peacock points to the mundane, the unstable.

In Eastern India, Odisha,West Bengal, Bihār and Assam. Goddess Saraswati  is worshipped on Vasant Panchami and also known as Sree Panchami, in Magha month (January–February). day and in Southern India on the Navratris. She is bedecked in all white and adorned in yellow color dress on the day and books and writing instruments are placed before her.

In the eastern parts of India, Palash or flame of the forest and marigold flowers form an important part of her offering. Children are also initiated into the world of learning on the day. Saraswati Puja is also known as Boi or Bahi Puja ( a worship of books)

In the South India Lotus and jasmine are offered. It is all vegetarian fare all day long and the most alluring part was that the strictest of all parents would not ask you to study on the day. It is believed that the Goddess blesses the books and writing instruments etc on that day.

“Saraswati Namasthubhyam
Varade Kamarupini
Vidhyarambam Karishyami
Siddhir Bavathume Sadha”

This sloka (mantra) of  Goddess Saraswati can be recited daily to improve memory, power and concentration in studies.

In 2011, Saraswati Puja is celebrated all over India by Hindus on 8th February 2011 (Tuesday)

Toshali Resorts offers for India festivals to visit Orissa, West Bengal, Assam, India for Saraswati Puja festivals. Book Your Package at. For More Information, contact your Travel Manager Metu at

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