Dev Uthani Ekadashi festival is celebrated in the month of Kartik (November-December).It is believed that on this day Lord Vishnu had woken up after a rest of four months. This day is considered auspicious as marriages take place on this day all over India. Beside this all auspicious work could be started from this day. lt is also known by the name of Dev Pradodini Ekadasi, Hari Prabodini Ekadasi, Uttahana Ekadasi and Bada Ekadasi.
On this day, an image of Lord Vishnu is drawn on the ground. Lamps are lit around it and fruits and vegetables are offered to this fresh image. In some regions this image is covered with a big brass plate symbolizing that lord is sleeping. Bhajans are dedicated to lord Vishnu to shed his sleep and wake up and bless people.
To wake the Lord, children light mustard torches at night and make lot of noise.
The methods of the Dev Uthani Ekadashi Puja Festivalare:
The courtyard or the room should be cleaned and with limestone or chuna and with geru the image of Dev or the deity or the Lord should be drawn.
In the evening, puja is done with water, roli, moli which are the colored thread, rice, fruits, gut, cotton, banana, gwar ki phalli, mooli, money etc.
The Deepak or diya or the home made soil lamps are then lit and devotional songs are sung.
The most important part of the puja. People perform Tulsiji ka Vivah on this day with Shaligram.
In 2010, this festival is celebrated on 17th November. Toshali Sands welcomes all to be the part of Diwali Festival experiencing, exclusive arrangement has been done for the guest to witness and be the part of the festival. For hotel , Wedding and Reception facility Reservation, Book your package at http://bit.ly/9Tr6lA . For more details on customized Wedding and Reception facility budget contact travel planner to email@example.com
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Chhath, also known as Dala Chhath is an important festival celebrated in Bihar and many other parts of India in which setting Sun (dawn) is worshiped . Although Bihar celebrates Chhath most elaborately it is also followed in some parts of West Bengal, Jharkhand, Orissa, Assam, Mauritius, mainly among the Bhojpuri and Maithali speaking people. Chhath is also important for Nepalese worshippers of god as well as in eastern Uttar Pradesh.
The best place to witness Chhath would be around Northern Bihar where it is celebrated in great grandeur. The festival is observed and in Bihar since time immemorial with the constant faith that the Sun God fulfils wishes if ‘araghya’ is offered with complete dedication and devotion.
Chhath is not just a physical attachment to the people of Bihar, it is also present in their hearts, and this is why the people bring wherever they have migrated. Nowadays it can be easily seen at the ghats of Yamuna in Delhi and other parts of India indicating its presence across the country.
It is a festival connected with purity, devotion to the Sun God who is considered as the source of life on this earth and is regarded as wish fulfiller.
The important dates of coming “Chhath Puja Vrat” 2010:-
Naha Kha – 10/Nov/2010
Kharna / Lohanda – 11/Nov/2010
Sanjha Urga – 12/Nov/2010
Subah Urga – 13/Nov/2010
Paran – 13/Nov/2010
Excursions in Bihar during Chhath Puja (courtesy – Bihar State Tourism Development Corporation)
Rajgir: 15 km. The ancient capital of Magadhan empire which flourished in the 6th century BC.
Gaya: 95 km. It is a very sacred pilgrim center for the Hindus.
Bodhgaya: 110 km. It is the holiest amongst holy places of Buddhist World., where Prince Sidharaha attained the supreme enlightenment and became the Buddha , the enlightened one.
Pawapuri: 25km. A sinless city it is a great pilgrimage center of the Jains. Lord Mahavira, the greatest propounder of Jainism had delivered his last sermon took Mahaparinirvana and was cremated here.
Patna: 95km. The ancient city of Patliputra, where the capital of Magadhan empire shifted from Rajgir, is situated on the main line of eastern railway and is well connected with air services
In 2010, Chhat Puja Festival 2010 is celebrated on 11th November 2010.. Toshali Travel and Tours offers budget festival holiday packages and arranges, to be at , Chhat Puja Festival 2010. And customized your accommodation on demand, book your package reservation at http://bit.ly/aJFgJ0 . Toshali Travel and Tours is authorised Travel and Tour Operator, recognised and accredited by Ministry of Tourism, Government of India
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The Chandrabhaga fair is one of the most popular festivals celebrated at Jhalrapatan in Jhalawar district of Rajasthan, India, in the month of Kartik, Oct-Nov. This festival is celebrated in the honor of the sun God. According to legend’s Lord Sri Krishna’s son Shambhu who was suffered from Leprosy was cured by the Sun god. From that time period this fair is celebrated in honor of the God sun. Devotees from various parts of India congregate here, take a dip in the holy waters and offers prayers to the Sun.
Every year in this Chandrabhaga Fair a huge cattle fair is organized where farm animals like horses, cows, camels and bullocks are bought here from the distant parts for sale. This fair gives good opportunity to the tourists to know more about the traditions and rituals of this region.
The fair gives a very good opportunity to the tourists to know more about the rituals, traditions and also about the people of this region.
Tourist Attractions are the major tourist hotspots of the region that are worth a visit:
Fort Of Gangadhar
Ramganj Mandi is the nearest Railway Station(25kms). Jhalawar is well connected to Kota, Bundi and Jaipur. National Highway No.12 passes through Jhalawar. Buses are available from all major cities.
In 2010, this Chandrabhaga Fair falls on 20th -22nd November. Toshali Travel and Tours offers budget festival holiday packages and arranges, to be at “Chandrabhaga Fair”, Jhalrapatan, Rajasthan. And customized your accommodation on demand, book your package reservation at http://bit.ly/auYuXb. Toshali Travel and Tours is authorised Travel and Tour Operator, recognised and accredited by Ministry of Tourism, Government of India
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Bundi festival popularly known as Bundi Utsav is one of the most colorful festival celebrated in the Hadoti district of Rajasthan. Every year this festival is celebrated in the month of November.
Bundi one of the most attractive, beautiful locations in the Hadoti district Rajasthan comes alive during the Bundi Utsav held in the month of November every year. Bundi Utsav is a spectacular culmination of traditional art, culture and craftsmanship which surprises every visitor with its grandeur.
Music, Dance, sports, sightseeing, competitions and many other events organized by the Rajasthan State Tourism Department are not only engaging but also present the scale of Indian Culture and traditions in front of Foreign tourists.
The people visiting the place during this Festival held in the month of Kartik are totally captivated with the scenic and natural beauty.
Held in the month of Kartik, there are a number of religious and traditional customs associated with the celebration of Bundi Festival.
The programme includes : a colorful Shobha Yatra , Arts & Crafts Fair, Ethnic Sports, Cultural exhibition ,DEEP DAAN ,Folk/Classical Music & Dance Programmes , Sight Seeing, Traditional Rural Sports, Turban competition, Bridal Attire , Musical Band Competition, Folk /Classical Music & Dance programme , & sparkling fireworks display etc. Early in the morning after the full moon night of kartik (Purnima), women and men are seen clad in attractive colorful costumes lighting diyas (lamps prepared by them from flour dough) on the banks of River Chambal and seeking blessings by offering prayers
“Keshorai Patan” a small township near Bundi is sometimes referred as “Mini Pushkar” especially on the full moon night of kartik.
Bundi is one of the most picturesque locations of the hadoti district in Rajasthan. It is quite popular that the palaces and forts of Bundi have a fairy tale feel about them. The town is quite isolated from the maddening rush and crowd of adjoining cities and thus at times appears like a beautiful frozen painting.
The town is surrounded by rock gorges and the adjoining river Chambal provides a perfect location for water activities. The zone with the lush green widespread jungles, the vast stretches of forests and wildlife, the sprawling rocks and ravines makes it a paradise for adventure lovers.
Bundi till date claims to be the house of World’s best paintings and their origins. Especially the paintings at Chitrashala are known across the world.
Rajput architecture and feel is still felt in its palaces as in the Bundi Palace.
In 2010, “Bundi Festival”2010 is celebrated on 24th to 26th November 2010..Toshali Travel and Tours offers budget festival holiday packages and arranges, to be at Bundi Utsav 2010, Hadoti Distric, Rajasthan. And will customized your accommodation on demand, book your package reservation at http://bit.ly/auYuXb. Toshali Travel and Tours is authorised Travel and Tour Operator, recognised and accredited by Ministry of Tourism, Government of India
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Diwali, originally the name Deepawali oriented from Sanskrit that literally means “Row of Deep”. It signifies the triumph of good over evil. The festival is important to Hindus, Jains and Sikhs. On this day there is an official holiday in India, Guyana, Trinidad & Tobago, Mauritius, Malaysia, Nepal, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Burma and Fiji.
It is said to mark the return of Lord Rama to Ayodhya, variedly it celebrates the slaying of Narakasura by Lord Krishna and Satyabhama. In Jainism, Diwali marks the attainment of moksha by Mahavira in 527 BC. In Sikhism, Diwali commemorates the return of Guru Har Gobind Ji to Amritsar after freeing 52 Hindu kings imprisoned in Gwalior by Emperor Jahangir (1619).
For some it is a three-day festival. It commences with the Dhan-Teras, on the 13th day of the dark half of Kartik, followed by Narak Chaudas, the 14th day, and by Diwali on the 15th day.
Dhan Teras marks the beginning of the trader’s calendar in Northern India. The festival at a spiritual level means “awareness of the inner light”. Just as we celebrate the birth of our physical being, Diwali is the celebration of awakening of the inner light, to awaken to a transcendent reality. The light of realization, to slice through the darkness of ‘un-consciousness.’
In Gujarat, Diwali is associated mostly with the worship of Lakshmi – the goddess of wealth. The puja lasts for five days and starts with Dhanteras. The fourth day is Gujrati New Year’s Day.
In Bihar, the celebration of Diwali starts two days before the actual Diwali as Dhanteras, celebrated in honor of Dhanvantari, the celestial physician.
In Orissa the festivities are almost similar but have a unique ritual. Jute stems are burnt to light up the dark path of the spirits of the ancestors back to heaven. A rangoli of a sailboat is made. Its seven chambers hold cotton, mustard, salt, asparagus root, turmeric and a wild creeper. A jute stem is lit at the beginning of the Puja. All members of the household light their jute stem from the flame on the rangoli and chant:
“Bada Badua Ho, Andhaara Re Aasa, Aluwa Re Jaa.
Baaisi Pahaacha Re Gada Gadau Tha.”
(“O forefathers, come to us in this dark evening, we light your way to heaven. May you attain salvation on the 22 steps of the Jagannath temple of Puri.”)
Additionally a mortar, pestle and plough are also worshipped. Night long vigil ensues with all doors open so that Devi Laxmi does not return from any household. Other than that its the usual, bright lights and fire crackers and lots and lots of sweetmeats and joy and laughter all around.
Across Eastern India the day is celebrated as ‘Kali Puja’. Kali, the consort of ‘Kala’ – Mahadev. Of course in my childhood Kali Puja had a very special significance. Joys of firecrackers and staying up late. This was one day we were allowed to stay up as long as it took for the puja’s to get over – mostly in the wee hours of the morning. I can still feel the descending chill of the oncoming winter, of the warmth of the soft shawl sitting through the pujas – happy, excited, expectant and sleepy.
In 2010, Diwali festival is celebrated on November 5th. Toshali Sands welcomes all to be the part of Diwali Festival experiencing, exclusive arrangement has been done for the guest to witness and be the part of the festival. For Diwali Package and online hotel Reservation click on http://bit.ly/csR4ol . For more details on customized Diwali festive budget tour contact travel planner to email@example.com
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Bali Yatraor Bali Jatra literally means “Journey to Bali” ; Held on the full moon day in Karthik Purnima, Bali Yatra commemorates Orissa’s ancient maritime legacy. It is literally “journey to Bali”. The ancient traders (Sadhabas) chose the auspicious day of Kartik Purnima to set sail in their sea going boats or Boitas to distant Bali, Java, Sumatra, Borneo and Sri Lanka.
The auspicious time has a scientific basis too – the wind were favourable during this time of the year. It pushed hard on sails (Ajhala) to bear ancient Indians across Ocean to Indonesia. The trading activities of ancient Kalinga was flourishing in S.E. Asia like Indonesia, Philippines, Malayasia and Srilanka, Siam (Thailand). Besides the traders also developed a brisk overseas trade with Rome and Greece.
Others believe that Sri Chaitanya MahaPrabhu, the great Vaishnavite Saint, first landed in the soil of after crossing the sand-bed (Bali) of Mahanadi river on his way to Puri on this auspicious day. The date may have been the same but Kalinga’s Maritime tradition predates Chaitanya Dev’s journey by centuries.
In Cuttack, Bali Jatra is celebrated as an open, fair near the Barabati Fort area. Children float toy boats made of colored paper, dried banana tree barks, and cork in the Mahanadi river, ponds, and water tanks, to commemorate the voyage of their ancestors to Indonesia. The toy boats with their small oil lamps light up the autumn evenings like a second diwali. As images of Karthikeswar are immersed in Mahanadi River, to mark the end of the month of Karthik; the banks of the river in Cuttack come alive with twinkling lights and suddenly Bali Yatra takes a life of its own. People sing “Aa ka ma bai, pan gua khai…” remembering the proud maritime history of Kalinga.
Beside Cuttack Bali Yatra is celebrated with great fanfare in Paradeep, Puri and Bhubaneswar. It is also known as Boita Bandana Utsab – the “festival of boats”.
Baliyatra festival is also associated with legend ‘Taapoi’ and rituals like ‘Bhalukuni Osha’ and ‘Bada Osha’ and ‘Akasadipa’ festival which all indicates Orissa’s glorious maritime heritage. ‘Khudurukuni Osha’ is observed on each Sunday of Bhadra by un-married girls to worship Goddess Maa Mangala for the safe return journey of the family members from the voyage.
‘Bada Osha’ is linked with the boat making tradition of yore. Similarly, ‘Akasadipa’ festival is celebrated to remember the artificial light houses along the coast. The legend ‘Taapoi’ is deeply associated with Baliyatra festival which preserves memories of young maidens waiting for the return of their sailors.
To revive and refresh the memories of Kalinga’s maritime glory, a boat expedition was organized on the Kartika Purnima of 1992. History was recreated when a seven member crew on board a 13 meter long yatch sailed for Bali from Paradeep port of Orissa retracing the ancient trade route. The yatch INS SAMUDRA covered a distance of 5810 nautical miles in just over 17 weeks.
In 2010, this festival is celebrated on 21st November. Toshali Travel and Tours offers budget festival holiday packages and arranges, to be at Bali Yatra Fair, Cuttack, Orissa. And customized your accommodation on demand, get reservation at http://bit.ly/cPjbhx . Toshali Travel and Tours is authorised Travel and Tour Operator, recognised and accredited by Ministry of Tourism, Government of India
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Amongmong festival is observed in the first week of September by the Sangtam tribe in Nagaland. It is a pre harvest festival. Amongmong means togetherness.
Six days of Amongmong has its unique importance. People worship resident deities and the three cooking stones in the fireplace to get good health, harvest and prosperity.
The village priest, at the death of night announces “ZANGNYOU MONGMONG NUNG EH-LEHE”. The next morning another priest will read theproclamation. The villagers being preparation for the festival byaccumulating food stuff, firewood and special wine like ROHI and MADHU. The announcement denote the separation of the spirit of the dead from the living. Throughout the festival, a line is drawn between the dead and the living.
AMONGMONG signifies ‘togetherness forever’. The object is to have a good harvest. The figure “6” bear great significance among Sangtam tribe. For example, when a head hunter brings an enemy’s head he is undefiled and observe penance for 6 days. A male baby is christened onthe 6th day. A deceased’s family would mourn for 6 days.
Each day of the festival has got its own significance. The first day is called “SINGKITHSA”. This day is marked by the closing of all transaction relating to purchase of domestic animals like pigs, cow, Mithuns and roping them. Preparing and collecting of food stuff and harvesting vegetables and millets. On the second day, the roped domestic animals are killed. After setting aside some portion for the feast, the meat is distributed among the team members of the group called “ATHIRÜ” and “AKHINGRÜ”. The third day is “MÜSÜYANGTAP” – day of worshipping the three oven stones. The oldest woman of the household performs the ritual by placing gum rice balls on the top of the stones and pouring little wine on these stones. The god (LIJABA) is represented by these stone.
On these three days villagers will neither go to fields nor outside the village as this is believed to bring calamities. At dawn, the priest would go to the village well and draw water carefully. Others would follow. Each one of them must cover their head with green leaves, lest they are stricken with cholera. The whole day is devoted to drinking of rice beers, dancing, tug of war and other merrymaking.
Day four is KIKHA-LANGPI. Males would clear the village. Paths, wells and springs are cleaned. On returning every grown-up male will contribute meat and wine and feast together in the house of the village priest. The wives puts chilies, ginger and cotton in green leaves called “TSIDONG” and put them in the field or outside the village to ward off calamities and prevent damage to crops.
Day five is “SHILANG WUBA NYUNONG”. Villager visit to relatives, friends and neighboring villages, sharing meal, drinks and exchange of meat as gift. The last day of the festival is called “AKATISINGKITHSA”. Harvesting starts from this day….
Toshali Travel and Tours offers budget festival Holiday packages and arranges, to be at Nagaland Amongmong festival ”. And customized your accommodation on demand, do visit at http://bit.ly/beEU3x . Toshali Travel and Tours is authorised Travel and Tour Operator, recognised and accredited by Ministry of Tourism, Government of India
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Brahmotsavam is a celebration of nine days at the temple of Lord Sri Venkateswara at Tirupati. This temple is cleaned according to the guideline given in the religious texts. It is decorated with flowers and mango leaves.
The significance of each day ritual and holy celebration are … :
Day1: Pedda Seshavahana:
The first day of Brahmotsavam is commenced with the hosting of Garuda Dhwaja(A religious flag, with the sign of Eagle on it), It is followed by a panoramic procession of Lord Venkateswara around the temple. This event starts at 10pm and continues till midnight. The vehicle on which the Lord Venkateswara is carried is called Pedda Seshavahana and is believed to be the manifestation of Adisesha (The thousand-headed serpent, on whom Lord Sri Maha Vishnu rests in his abode). The magnanimous march lasts for the first two day of Brahmotsavam.
Day 2: Chinna Seshavahana
The second day starts with the Lord’s procession, this time on Chinna Seshavahana. Whole day deities are worshipped and in the night they are taken to the Uyala Mandapam for the Unjal Seva. The day slips away in the worship of the Lord and in the night the deities are taken to the Uyala Mandapam for the Unjal Seva (swinging). This is followed by procession on a Hamsavahana through the temple streets. It is believed that Hamasavahana signifies purity, and the Hamsa (swan) on it is known to for it is ability to differentiate between good and bad, and said to denote peace.
Day 3: Simhavahana
Simhavahana performed on third day. On this day deities are carried on Simhavahana- a vehicle with lion’s emblem on it that denotes command and authority. It is considered that Lord assumes the form of Narasimaha (a mythological character who was half human and half lion) to kill the demon named Hiranyakasipu. After the procession the deities are once again taken to the Unjal Seva followed by an exciting ride on Mutayalapandri Vahana; the symbol of purity.
Day 4: Kalpavriksha Vahana
The fourth day comprises of two processions, one on the Kalpavriksha Vahana in the morning followed by a procession on Sarvabhoopala Vahana in the night. According to legend, Kalpavriksham is name of a tree that grants boon
Day 5: Garuda Vahana or Mohini Avatarotsavam
Garuda Vahana or Mohini Avatarotsavam is celebrated on the fifth day to commemorate the lord’s incarnation as Mohini to assist the Devtas during Ksheerasagarmadhanam.
In the Vaishnava Puranas, Garuda is also called periyatiruvadi, meaning the first devotee. Therefore, Lord Venkateswara selected Garuda as his vehicle for the most important day of the Brahmotsavam.
Day 6: Gaja Vahana
On sixth day, Gaja Vahana is celebrated, it is believed that in the night Lord mounted on the Gaja Vahana(elephant).
Day 7: Suryaprabha Vahana
On the seventh day of Brahmotsavam, Lord rides on Suryaprabha Vahana. According to Hindu Mythlogy Lord Vishnu is believed to be the center of the universe. To symbolize this, Lord Venkateswara uses the Suryaprabha(light of the Sun).
Day 8: Rathotsavam
The Lord is taken on a procession seated on a chariot known as Rathotsavam on the eighth day of Brahmotsavam. The idols of Lord Sri Krishna and the four horses are placed before the decorated idols of the Lord and his consorts.
Day 9: Chakrasnana Mahotsavam
On the last day, Pallaki Seva and Chakrasnana Mahotsavam in the morning and Dhwajavarohanam are performed in the evening. The processional images are anointed with turmeric powder, oil and other auspicious ingredients and Abhishekam is performed. Sudarsan Chakram is given a bath in the Swami Pushkarini. The Garuda flag is then lowered.
This year Tirumala Brahmotsavam festival is celebrated on 9th to 18th October 2010 at Tirupati. Lakhs of tourist and pilgrims pay holy visit at Tirupati Tirumala Brahmotsavam Festival every year. May Lord Venkateswara call you to make the holy pilgrim this year.
Toshali Travel and Tours offers budget festival Holiday packages and arranges exclusive accommodation for Tirumala Brahmotsavam Festival at Tripati on demand, click on http://bit.ly/bRcZKo . Toshali Travel and Tours is authorised Travel and Tour Operator, recognized and accredited by Ministry of Tourism, Government of India
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Bhai Dooj. is one of the major festivals of India, it is also spelt as Bhaidooj, Bhaiduj or Bhai Duj. ‘Bhai’ means brother and ‘Dooj’ means two days after new moon, this festival is celebrated between brothers and sisters other than Raksha Bandhan to strengthen the bond of their love. On this auspicious day, sisters put Tilak on their brother’s forehead and pray for their long life. In return, brother promises their sisters to stand by their side in all hardships of life. This is the most awaited festivals in India. Every year this festival comes two days after Diwali in Karthik month.
According to the custom and rituals sister applying tika on the forehead of the sister, giving him eatables and in return receive gifted, the women and children sit around and hear the story.
India is a country of varied cultures, customs and traditions. The festival of Bhaiya Dooj is known by various names in different regions and has its own regional name that signifies different ceremonial celebrated connotations.
Bhai Phota is celebrated in the state of West Bengal on the Dvitya i.e. on the second day after the Kali Puja
Bhai Tika/ Bhai Teeka is celebrated in Nepal on the fifth and the final day of the popular Festival of Light called ‘Tihar’ or ‘Panchak Yama’ it is also known as ‘Bhai Tihar’ and it is a part of Tihar celebrations in the Himalaya Kingdom.
Bhathru Dwithiya is also known popular name for Bhai Dooj, it falls on the fifth and last day of Diwali festival. ‘Dwitheya Day’ meaning, second day after new moon. Sisters pray for their brothers long life.
Bhatri Ditya is just another name of the famous Hindu festival of Bhaiyya Dooj, This festival is celebrated to strengthen the beautiful bond shared between a brother and a sister, it is also considered a part of Diwali celebrations at many parts of India.
Bhai Bij, Bhaubeej or Bhav Bij amongst the Marathi speaking community in the states of Maharashtra and Goa. As like Bhaidooj festival celebrations in rest of India, Bhai Bij, Bhaubeej or Bhav Bij falls on the last day of five-day-long Diwali festival, here also in western India in Bhaubeej festival sisters pray for their brothers long and happy life as they perform tika ceremony.
Yamadwitheya is from the legend of god Yama Raja (the Hindu mythological god of Death)himself and it is one of the most commonly told story of Bhai Dooj. Here, the story told as after Yama Raaj long separation from his sister Yamuna or Yami. On the Dwitheya or the Dooj or the second day of the new moon When Yami met his brother Yama (also know as Dharam Raj) and welcomed whole heartedly, applied red tilak on his brother’s forehead and treated him a special meal. Yamaraj was overwhelmed receiving the warm welcome from his sister and he announced that whosoever receives a red tika from his sister on the day of ‘Dooj’ will not be hurled to hell. Since that day Bhai Dooj is also known as Yamadwitheya.
In 2010, Bhai Dooj festival is celebrated on 7th November (Sunday)
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‘Bharat Ratna’ Lal Bahadur Shrivastava Shastri(2 October 1904 – 11 January 1966), he shares his birthday with the Mahatma on October 2. He was the second Prime Minister of the Republic of India and a significant figure in the Indian independence movement.
A staunch Gandhian he discontinued the use of his surmane as it indicated his caste. he was born in Mughalsarai and moving to Varanasi in persual of higher education. A 1915, speech of Gandhiji converted him into a lifelong Gandhian. He spend some 9 years in prison for participating in the freedom struggle. His values never ditched him. During one of his prison terms his daughter fell ill. He was released for 15 days from teh prison. She died and a stoic Shastri performed her funeral rites and returned to prison, before time. And when his son’s illness was not cured withing the stipulated parole time he returned to prison..
In prison he got acquinted with the works of western philosophers, revolutionaries and social reformers and translated the autobiography of Marie Curie to Hindi.
After independence, he was appointed as Parliamentary Secretary in Uttar Pradesh. Then He became Minister of Police and Transport. He was the first to appoint women conductors and ordered that Police use jets of water instead of lathis to disperse unruly crowds.
In 1951, he became the General Secretary of the All-India Congress Committee and played an important role in the landslide successes of the Congress Party in the General Elections of 1952, 1957 and 1962.
In 1951, Nehru nominated him to the Rajya Sabha. He served as the Minister of Railways and Transport in the Central Cabinet from 1951 to 1956. In 1956, he offered his resignation after a railway accident at Mahbubnagar and three months later, he resigned accepting moral and constitutional responsibility for a railway accident at Ariyalur in Tamil Nadu that resulted in 144 deaths. His unprecedented gesture was greatly appreciated by the citizens.
In 1957 he was appointed as the Minister for Transport and Communications, and then as the Minister of Commerce and Industry. In 1961, he became Minister for Home. Chacha Nehru died in office on 27 May 1964. Then Congress Party President K. Kamaraj was instrumental in making and installing Shastri as Prime Minister on 9 June. He pushed through the Green Revolution which led to India becoming a food-surplus nation, although he did not live to see it.
During the 22-day war with Pakistan, Lal Bahadur Shastri created the slogan of “Jai Jawan Jai Kisan” (“Hail the soldier, Hail the farmer”). He was instrumental in promoting the White Revolution.
The problem for Shastri’s administration was Pakistan. Laying claim to half of the Kutch peninsula, Pakistan sent incursion forces in August 1965, leading to the Indo-Pak war. The Indo-Pak war ended on 23 September 1965 with a United Nations-mandated ceasefire. After the declaration of ceasefire, Shastri and Pakistani President Muhammad Ayub Khan attended a summit in Tashkent (former USSR) organised by Kosygin. On 10 January 1966, Shastri and Khan signed the Tashkent Declaration. The next day Shastri died, supposedly of a heart attack at 1:32 AM, and now he rest at Vijay Ghat, Delhi
He was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna, and his memorial “Vijay Ghat” in Delhi will forever remind Indians and humanity how this unassuming man personified ‘where there is a will there is a way’. His life would be a lesson for generations to come.
History has not forgotten this giant…… Jai Hind !!
Toshali Resotrts Pay Tribute and Celebrates the 106th Birth anniversary of Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri on 2nd October’2010 (Saturday) and invites you for a Weekend Getaway at Toshali Sands, Puri India. For Reservation and travel booking contact your travel consultant firstname.lastname@example.org
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